what is NSE

What Is NSE (National Stock Exchange) And How It Works

In Mumbai the main headquarters of NSE is located. In India the leading financial stock exchange is National Stock Exchange. At the year of 1992, NSE was introduce. Although, from that time, it has advanced, automated, and electronic trading across the whole country. Because of its trading volume, NSE comes at the 4th position among all world’s stock exchanges. 

To bring transparency to the capital market, the stock exchange started its operation in 1994 on the government’s instruction. However, this stock exchange comprises global and domestic investors with diverse shareholding assets, leading the country’s financial institutions and Pherwani companies’ recommendations. 

In the country, this stock exchange introduces the electronic trading method. Exceeding the US, the total market capitalization of NSE in 2018 was $2.25 Trillion, which put NSE in 11th place on the list of the world’s largest stock exchanges. 

 While investing in any share of NSE, it is always suggested to take expert advice from the Best Share Market Institute In Delhi.

How Does Stock Exchange Work?

Once you know what is NSE  and from where it comes. Now the second important part is to understand how BSE works. In India, trading through this stock exchange, the order is carried out through the limited electronic book where the order is matched through the trading computer.  Also, there is no need for any specialists or market makers in this entire process. This all method is drive or depends on the orders. When an investor places an order in the market, it will be automatically match with the order limit. Sellers and buyers will quickly take advantage of remaining anonymous. 

In addition, by displaying all market buy and sell orders, the market shows transparency to every buyer and seller. The brokers of NSE who provide the online trading facilities will help place this kind of order. A direct market facility can also be availed by a few institutional investors, who help place orders directly into the trading system. 

Throughout the week, the segment of the NSE market is carried out the week, but on Sundays and Sundays and declared holidays by the stock exchange, the market remains close. The timing of the market follows as-.

Session of Pre-opening 

1 Entry opens for orders at 9:00 Hours

2 Entry closes for orders at 9:08 Hours

Regular Sessions

`The opening time of the market is 9:15 Hours 

Market closing timing is 3:30 Hours

The National Stock Exchange flagship index is Nifty50, and about 63% of the market’s total capitalization is list under it. Although, with 50 variable stocks, the index covers 12 sectors of the economy. 

At present, Vikram Limaye is the stock exchange CEO, and the chairman of the board of directors is Ashok Chawla. 

Listing Benefits of the National Stock Exchange 

There are serval benefits when it comes listed with NSE, some of them follow as-. 

Comprehensive Visibility

The most efficient thing which provide the information of trade and post trade is trading system. With the total number of securities available to market investors can also look up the top sellers and buyers of the market. . It helps every investor to measure the depth of the market quickly. 

Makes for a Premier Marketplace

The stock exchange volume activity lowers the impact on cost helps to decrease the expense of investors. Although for maintaining transparency and consistency with every investor, the automated trading system of the stock exchange helps a lot. 

Country’s Biggest Stock Exchange

In the words of the trading volume with a market capitalization of $2.25 trillion, National Stock Exchange is the country’s largest stock exchange. 

Fast Transaction

With the best pace of orders are processed on the stock exchange, it helps every investor avail the best prices. Hence, in 2009 on the 19th of may, 11,260,392 trades were recorded under the stock exchange, and it was the highest number in a day. 

Statics of Trade

Every listed company can easily avail of the provision received by trade statics at the duration of each month. It helps to track every company listed on the stock exchange. 

With the above-given benefits, National Stock Exchange makes an excellent facility to make transactions. 

Segments of Investment 

Investment segments offer by NSE are mention below-


Hence, to maximize the return on investment, this comprises the volatile class of assets. In equity there are serval types of assets where one can invest and those are, equity, mutual funds, exchange trade funds, and IPO( Initial Public Offering)

Equity Derivatives 

Several derivatives trade under the stock exchange, like CNX- 500, Dow Jones, currency derivatives, commodity derivatives, interest rates future, etc. With the launch of the index future in 2002, the NSE market started trading in equity derivatives. 


Various trade funds and mutual funds come under these types of investments. However, the core assets are hold for long-term and short-term, corporate bonds, and securitize bonds.

On 13th may in 2013, NSE launched the first debt platform in the country, which provides transparency and a liquid trading platform to every investor, where they can easily associate all debt products. 

Also Read- What Are The Indicators in Trading

Important Indices in this Exchange System

By choosing the collection of different stocks, an index of the stock market is created, representing the whole market or some particular segment. Although, the indices of broad market listed under NSE are- 

  • Nifty 50 index
  • 100 index  Nifty
  • Nifty next 50 index
  • Nifty midcap 50 index
  • Small-cap 250 index
  • India Vix index

The Bottom Line

What is NSE? If you are searching for this, stop here and read this article to get helpful information about the National Stock Exchange, including its listed benefits and investment segments. But before starting investing in any share of NSE, it is mandatory to know about the share market or shares. Get the advance knowledge of share market by enrolling yourself in the Best Stock Market Course In Delhi