As a metabolic disease, diabetes alters how glucose (blood sugar) is used for energy in the body. Glucose comes from the food we eat, and the blood carries it to the cells, which are us
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes:
The pancreatic cells responsible for making insulin are wrongly attacked and destroyed by the immune system, resulting in type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes cannot manufacture insulin and, as a result, must rely on exogenous insulin or insulin injections to maintain normal blood sugar levels. About 5-10% of all occurrences of diabetes are caused by type 1 diabetes, which often manifests in childhood or adolescence lokking for more about freelance web designer riyadh .
Type 2 diabetes:
Adult-onset diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is a metabolic condition in which either the body does not make enough insulin or the cells do not utilize the insulin adequately. Diabetes type 2 is more prevalent in those over 40, and it is frequently associated with being overweight or obese, adopting a sedentary lifestyle, and having a family history of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas may eventually produce less insulin, leading to a need for medications or insulin injections. looking to know more about New York Web Designer
Causes of diabetes
Both heritable and non-heritable factors contribute to the formation of diabetes in the body.
Type 1 diabetes:
It is believed that the immune system wrongly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing pancreatic cells in type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune condition.
Environmental factors, such as a viral infection, may trigger the immune system to attack the pancreas in genetically susceptible individuals.
Type 2 diabetes:
In some people, genes play a role in developing type 2 diabetes because others are exposed to environmental triggers. The following are some of the recognized risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes:
Being overweight or obese: Excess body fat, especially around the waist, can make it harder for the body to use insulin effectively.
Leading a sedentary lifestyle: Physical inactivity can lead to insulin resistance.
Family history of diabetes: There is an increased risk of having type 2 diabetes if either of your parents or siblings also has the disease.
Age: After age 45, an individual’s risk of having type 2 diabetes sharply increases.
Ethnic background: Type 2 diabetes occurs more frequently in people of specific racial and ethnic backgrounds in the United States.
High blood pressure: Increased risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes is associated with hypertension.
Abnormal cholesterol levels: Type 2 diabetes risk is raised in those with both high triglycerides (blood fat) and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
It’s important to note that not all people with these risk factors will develop diabetes, and some people with diabetes have none of these risk factors. looking to know more about Michigan Web Designer
Effects of diabetes on the body
Both forms of diabetes, if unchecked, can cause significant health problems.
Heart and blood vessels: Atherosclerosis (furring of the arteries) and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke have been related to hyperglycemia. Heart disease and stroke are two to four times more common in those with diabetes than in those who do not have the condition.
Nervous system: High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves, leading to numbness, tingling, and pain in the hands and feet. Over time, this can progress to a condition known as diabetic neuropathy, which can cause severe disability and loss of sensation in the extremities.
Eyes: High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to a condition known as diabetic retinopathy, which can cause vision loss and blindness. The risk of blindness in people with diabetes is 25 times higher than in those without the disease.
Kidneys: Diabetic nephropathy occurs when high blood sugar levels harm the blood vessels in the kidneys, resulting in kidney failure requiring dialysis or transplantation. There is a direct correlation between diabetes and renal disease.
Skin: High blood sugar levels can cause itching and dry skin and slow the healing of cuts and infections.
Treatment of diabetes
Treatment for diabetes often entails a mix of behavioral modification and pharmaceuticals. This may include:
Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly: This can be done using a glucose meter and testing strips. One possible dietary modification is a diet high in fiber, healthy fats, and low in sugar and carbs.
Engaging in physical activity: Exercising can assist with both issues, reducing blood sugar and increasing insulin sensitivity.
Taking medications may include insulin injections, oral medications, or a combination of both.
Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider: This is important to monitor for potential complications and adjust treatment as needed.
People with diabetes must work closely with their healthcare team to manage their condition and prevent complications. With proper treatment and care, people with diabetes can lead healthy, active lives.
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People with diabetes must work closely with their healthcare team to manage their condition and prevent complications. With proper treatment and care, people with diabetes can lead healthy, active lives.read more